Buší: The Traditional Czech Folk Dance


Buší is a traditional Czech folk dance that has been passed down through generations. It is a lively and energetic dance that is often performed at weddings, festivals, and other celebrations. The name “buší” comes from the sound of the drums that accompany the dance, which translates to “beating, beating.” This dance holds a special place in Czech culture and continues to be an important part of their heritage. In this article, we will explore the history, steps, and significance of buší.

History of Buší

The origins of buší can be traced back to the 16th century in the Czech Republic. It was originally a dance performed by peasants during harvest festivals and other celebrations. Over time, it evolved into a more structured dance with specific steps and formations. In the 19th century, buší became popular among the upper class and was often performed at balls and social events.

During the communist era in Czechoslovakia, folk dances like buší were suppressed and considered outdated. However, after the Velvet Revolution in 1989, there was a resurgence of interest in traditional Czech culture, including folk dances. Today, buší is widely performed and celebrated throughout the country, preserving its rich history and cultural significance.

Steps of Buší

Buší is a group dance that is typically performed in a circle or line formation. The dancers hold hands or link arms and move together in a coordinated manner. The dance is accompanied by live music, usually played on traditional instruments such as the fiddle, accordion, and drums.

The basic steps of buší are simple and repetitive, making it easy for anyone to join in and learn. The dance starts with a slow march, followed by a series of hops, kicks, and turns. The dancers move in a circular motion, with the steps becoming faster and more energetic as the music intensifies.

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Subheading: Traditional Costumes

One of the most striking aspects of buší is the traditional costumes worn by the dancers. These costumes vary depending on the region and can be quite elaborate and colorful. Women typically wear long, flowing skirts with embroidered blouses and headscarves, while men wear vests, white shirts, and black pants. The costumes add to the festive atmosphere of the dance and are an important part of preserving Czech culture.

Subheading: Regional Variations

While the basic steps of buší remain the same, there are regional variations that make each performance unique. In some regions, the dance is performed with swords or sticks, adding an element of danger and excitement. In other regions, the dancers may incorporate props such as handkerchiefs or ribbons into their movements. These variations highlight the diversity and creativity within Czech folk dancing.

Significance of Buší

Buší is more than just a fun and lively dance; it holds great significance in Czech culture. It is a symbol of community and togetherness, as the dance is often performed in groups and requires cooperation and coordination among the dancers. It also represents the rich history and traditions of the Czech people, serving as a reminder of their roots and heritage.

The dance is also believed to have healing powers, both physically and spiritually. In the past, it was performed to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck to the community. Today, it is still seen as a way to release negative energy and promote positivity and joy.

How to Learn Buší

If you’re interested in learning buší, there are many opportunities to do so in the Czech Republic. Many cultural centers and dance schools offer classes for all ages and skill levels. You can also attend festivals and events where buší is performed, and join in on the fun.

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Learning buší is not just about mastering the steps; it’s also about immersing yourself in Czech culture and connecting with others through dance. So don’t be afraid to let loose and have fun while learning this traditional folk dance.

Tips for Beginners

If you’re new to buší, here are some tips to help you get started:

  • Start with the basic steps and focus on getting the rhythm and coordination right.
  • Pay attention to your posture and hand movements, as they are an important part of the dance.
  • Practice with a partner or in a group to get a feel for the flow and energy of the dance.
  • Don’t worry about making mistakes; buší is all about having fun and enjoying the moment.

Frequently Asked Questions about Buší

What is the meaning of “buší”?

The name “buší” comes from the sound of the drums that accompany the dance, which translates to “beating, beating.”

Is buší only performed in the Czech Republic?

While buší originated in the Czech Republic, it is also performed in other countries with strong Czech communities, such as Slovakia, Poland, and the United States.

Can anyone learn buší?

Yes, buší is a dance that anyone can learn regardless of age or skill level. It’s all about having fun and connecting with others through dance.

Are there any health benefits to dancing buší?

Yes, dancing buší can improve physical fitness, coordination, and balance. It is also believed to have healing powers and promote positive energy.

Is buší only performed at weddings and festivals?

While buší is often performed at weddings and festivals, it can also be seen at other celebrations and cultural events throughout the year.


Buší is more than just a dance; it’s a celebration of Czech culture and community. It has survived centuries of change and continues to be an important part of Czech heritage. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced dancer, learning buší is a fun and rewarding experience that will connect you to the rich history and traditions of the Czech people. So next time you hear the drums beating, don’t be afraid to join in and experience the joy and energy of buší.